Elderly Prisoners Passed Over for Parole

Jan 30, 2018

There are now more than 30,000 people in Virginia prisons, costing taxpayers more than a billion dollars a year.  A growing number are senior citizens with average healthcare costs of $68,000 a year.  The parole board could release many of them, but it’s been freeing less than five percent per year.

Hundreds of elderly prisoners are passed by for geriatric parole.
Credit KQED

Nearly fifty years ago, Minor Smith – known to his friends as Smitty – was locked up for murder.  At the time of the crime he was broke and unemployed, so he decided to rob a small grocery store in Charlottesville. He hoped no one would recognize him, but when he approached the clerk, things went wrong.

“He said, ‘Aren’t you Minor Smith?’  When he said that I panicked. I shot into candy bars and cigarettes and  I shot him four times.”

He died, and Smith was sentenced to life in prison.  Now 71 and legally blind, he looks back on his time in six different prisons and recalls years of abuse.

“When I was younger in the old penitentiary I had to take showers with other inmates. They took sexual advantage of me, and I felt like a slave in there most of the time.  I was always under somebody else’s rule.”

Today, Smith is a resident of the honors dormitory at Buckingham Correctional Center, where reporters are not allowed to record. He spends his time working in the cafeteria, earning 45 cents an hour, and writing poems about his life before prison.  From memory, he recites one recalling the night he stuck out his thumb, hoping to visit the woman who would become his wife.

“Why, the trucker asked yawning, did you start out tonight to date?  I want to see my darling, I replied, and just can’t wait.  I flagged him down outside of Bluefield, headed for Rocky Gap.  We arrived there about dawn on Monday morning without a mishap.  An elderly lady told me that Jennifer’s house was just behind hers.  I found her seated on the front porch, listening to kittens purrs.  I was in no condition to make love or to give her anything to keep.  My whim was that she would unlock the door and let me get some sleep.”

Minor Smith is statistically unlikely to commit new crimes, and he’s eligible for parole, but after so many years in prison there are no relatives to take him in.

“I do have a half brother in Williamsburg.  He’s in his 90’s," Smith says. "He sends me a Christmas card each year, but that’s all I ever hear from him.”

If he got out he thinks he could find work translating books into braile.

“I have a letter from the Department of Blind and Visually Impaired in Richmond," Minor explains. " They promised me employment, but I don’t have any lodging.  I could lodge at a Salvation Army or someplace like that if they would take me in.” 

But, for now, the question is moot.  While it’s supposed to release elderly people who are no longer a threat to the public, the parole board  considered all  prisoners over the age of sixty who had served at least ten years and those over 65 who’d spent at least five years behind bars.  There were 540 of them, and the board released just 39 – often explaining that the crimes they committed were serious and insisting they needed to spend more time in prison.

Inmate Stephen Colosi understands that kind of thinking but says vengeance is not a good basis for prison policy.

“I feel terrible for the victims out there and what they’ve had to go through, but the crime that was committed is never going to change.  You can’t unring that bell, and believe me, when a guy sits in here for 15, 20, 30 years, there’s a lot of remorse in here.”

And the head of the parole board says younger criminals who are more likely to commit new crimes can’t get into state programs designed to rehabilitate them.  With Virginia prisons now – in her words – stuffed with old men taking up bed space,” the younger criminals do their time in local jails that have few programs for prisoners.